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Differentiated Learning Pack

Compare and Contrast - Grade 2



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Compare and Contrast - Grade 2

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Compare and contrast lessons begin when students can identify ways that two things are the same and ways that those same two things are different. The most basic lessons will focus on physical characteristics such as color, shape, and size. As students become more adept at this skill they can begin to compare and contrast characters or events in a story. Please see below for a selection of Leveled Lessons for Below Level (basic), and/or On Level (median), and/or Above Level (competent) readers.
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Teaching Tips

Primary students do not need to know the terms "compare and contrast." Instead, use the terms "same and different." Clarify the meaning of "same and different" by showing students two wooden blocks that have some different characteristics. Make a list of ways the blocks are the same: both are made of wood; both can be used for building; both weigh about the same; both have edges and corners -- and ways they are different: one is red and the other is blue; one is a square and one is a rectangle; one has writing on it and the other is plain. (This activity could be done with almost any objects - books, stuffed animals, plants.) Repeat this activity until students are good at recognizing same and different characteristics. After you read a story, have students find ways in which two characters were the same or different. They will probably point to the obvious, physical characteristics (one is a boy; one is a girl; one is tall, the other is short). Accept these answers, but push for more complex answers such as "one is brave; the other is shy."